A common challenge for handwashing programs is measuring handwashing behavior. This document gives an overview of the different monitoring approaches and include practical monitoring recommendations for high- and low-resource programs.
The Three Star Approach for WASH in Schools Field Guide, published by UNICEF and GIZ, is designed to improve the effectiveness of hygiene behavior change programs. The approach ensures that healthy habits are taught, practiced, and integrated into daily school routines.
2014 / Published by World Bank Water & Sanitation Program
The Handwashing Handbook provides guidance on designing and implementing handwashing behavior change programs. Although this document was published in 2005, the tools and guidance can still be used today.
This data was presented by Victoria Shelus (FHI 360) and Orlando Hernandez (WASHplus) presented data on handwashing determinants at the 2013 UNC Water & Health Conference.
2013 / Published by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh & Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Center