Wondering where you can learn more about handwashing, find tools for handwashing promotion, and read the latest in academic research? You are in the right place.

These are some the resources we find to be most useful for those implementing handwashing programs. These selected key resources address the following topics:

To browse our full, curated library of resources, click here.

Handwashing Program Implementation and Measurement

Design, Delivery, and M&E for Handwashing with Soap Programs  Distance Learning Course
This distance learning course developed by the PPPHW consists of two one-hour modules that seek to provide background on the state of the knowledge of handwashing with soap (HWWS) and practical guidance on how to design and implement HHWS behavior change programs that target marginalized groups in communities, schools, health centers and other institutions and can be brought to scale.

More than Just a Day
Whether in a school, company or institution, this brochure brings to you a list of things you can do to promote handwashing with soap all year round.

PPPHW Handwashing Handbook
The Handwashing Handbook provides guidance on designing and implementing handwashing behavior change programs. Although this document was published in 2005, the tools and guidance can still be used today.

UNICEF Handwashing Monitoring & Evaluation Toolkit
This guide from UNICEF will walk you through planning and implementing monitoring and evaluation for your handwashing promotion program.

Practical Guidance for Measuring Handwashing Behavior
A common challenge for handwashing programs is measuring handwashing behavior. This document, developed by the Water and Sanitation Program at the World Bank, gives an overview of the different monitoring approaches and include practical monitoring recommendations for high- and low-resource programs.

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Behavior Change Theory and Models

PPPHW Handwashing Behavior Change Think Tank presentations, event summaries, and Webinar
PPPHW’s Handwashing Behavior Change Think Tank gathers together handwashing experts to take stock of the best, identify the gaps, and articulate the way forward for handwashing behavior change. The 2014 event included topics such as: the latest evidence around handwashing with soap; the role of technology in handwashing; handwashing and sanitation; handwashing advocacy; and tools to change handwashing social norms.

Evo-Eco Approach to Behavior Change
The Evo-Eco is behavior change model is based on evolutionary biology and ecological psychology. It is based on the insight that brains evolved to provide adaptive behavioral responses to rapidly changing or complex environmental conditions. The three components of this model are the environment, the brain, and the body.

FOAM
Developed by the Water and Sanitation Program, FOAM—which stands for Focus on Opportunity, Ability, and Motivation—is based on behavioral determinants that either promote or constrain behavior change.

IBM-WASH Model
This proposed model seeks to provide both a conceptual and practical tool for improving our understanding and evaluation of the multi-level multi-dimensional factors that influence water, sanitation, and hygiene practices in infrastructure-constrained settings.

The Water and Sanitation Program’s Handwashing with Soap Toolkit
The Water and Sanitation Program Handwashing with Soap Toolkit presents solutions to help practitioners form handwashing behavior change programs. The toolkit is based on research in Peru, Senegal, Tanzania, and Vietnam.

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WASH in Schools

100 School Survey
The questionnaire can be used to take a snapshot of hygiene conditions in schools. Results can help convince decision-makers that children need handwashing stations and good toilets in schools.

UNICEF’s Three Star Approach for WASH in Schools Field Guide
This field guide is designed to improve the effectiveness of hygiene behavior change programs. The approach ensures that healthy habits are taught, practiced, and integrated into daily school routines.

Hardware for Group Handwashing in Schools Field Guide
This Field Guide developed by GIZ Fit for School looks at approaches, common mistakes, and lessons learned from the project’s group handwashing in schools initiative.

UNICEF WASH in Schools Monitoring Package
UNICEF developed this package as a tool to promote and guide the monitoring of WASH in Schools monitoring initiatives at national, sub-national and project levels. The package is intended primarily as a resource for UNICEF officers, but the tools are valuable to anyone working on monitoring WASH and handwashing in schools. There are tools to help set up national-level monitoring, national WASH in Schools surveys, and a sample survey that can be used by students and teachers to monitor WASH in their own schools. The package is also available in English, French, Spanish, and Russian.

WASH in Schools Advocacy Pack
This document helps users develop a WASH in schools advocacy effort, including strategies and messages for advocating to governments and other stakeholders.

WASH for Schoolchildren in Emergencies: A Guidebook for Teachers
UNICEF created this guidebook for teachers in emergency situations. The guidebook and accompanying regional flashcards (Africa and Latin America) provide teachers with the tools they need to teach children about water, sanitation, and hygiene. Although it was created for emergency situations, many of the activities and the flash cards could be used in non-emergency situations.

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Campaign Examples

SuperAmma
The SuperAmma campaign is the culmination of years of behavioral science research to inculcate the habit of handwashing with soap. This communication campaign is based on the Evo-Eco theory of behavior change. The website linked to here includes the approach and the materials that worked successfully in Southern India.

Choose Soap
Choose Soap is a complete, ready-to-use handwashing campaign for promoting handwashing in households in low-income settings. It draws on ideas and best practices from different fields including hygiene and health promotion, behavioral sciences, and marketing. The campaign includes activity scripts, a film, and posters, stickers, and other campaign planning materials ready for download.

Global Handwashing Day Planning

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